PSHE runs as a theme through all our lessons and Assemblies. We are supporting pupils to develop independence, resilience, team work and emotions. These elements are linked to our reward system in school. We are an Attachment Aware School and do a lot of work around inclusion and self-regulation.
Intent/focus for the year
- Development of vocabulary and reading.
- The PSHE curriculum builds sequentially across lessons and year groups building resilience from Nursery to Y6. The PSHE Matters scheme underpins this learning.
- Pupils are taught skills to resolve friendship issues and pupils are seen to use these skills.
- Pupils are able to self-assess using PSHE Matters tools.
- There is specific praise given when pupils demonstrate social and emotional learning and BEES.
How we organise and teach the subject
Personal, Social, and Health Education (PSHE) is central to giving pupils the knowledge, skills and understanding they need to lead confident, healthy, independent lives and to become informed, active and responsible British citizens. PSHE enables students to understand and respect our
common humanity: it's diversity and it's differences so that they can go on to form, the effective, fulfilling relationships that are an essential part of life and learning.
Safeguarding is a key element of PSHE as pupils learn about their own identity, risks, decision-making and how to keep themselves safe.
PSHE helps pupils to learn to recognise their own value, work well with others and become increasingly responsible for their own learning. They can reflect on their experiences and
understand how they are developing personally and socially, tackling many of the spiritual, moral, social and cultural issues that are part of growing up.
PSHE doesn’t just exist within the curriculum. The wide range of activities and experiences that schools offer beyond the curriculum in which pupils contribute to their school life and community, are a key part of PSHE. For truly effective PSHE, the whole school ethos will support the curriculum and principles.
The 10 Principles of Effective PSHE
The PSHE Association has developed the following evidence based principles of good practice in PSHE that apply across all Key Stages. PSHE Matters has been designed with these in mind:
1. Start where children and young people are: find out what they already know, understand, are able to do and are able to say. For maximum impact involve them in the planning of your PSHE programme.
2. Plan a ‘spiral programme’ which introduces new and more challenging learning, while building on what has gone before.
3. Take a positive approach which does not attempt to induce shock or guilt but focuses on what children and young people can do to keep themselves and others healthy and safe and to lead happy and fulfilling lives.
4. Offer a wide variety of teaching and learning styles within PSHE, with an emphasis on interactive learning and the teacher as facilitator.
5. Provide information which is realistic and relevant and which reinforces positive social norms.
6. Encourage young people to reflect on their learning and the progress they have made, and to transfer what they have learned to say and to do from one school subject to another, and from school to their lives in the wider community.
7. Recognise that the PSHE programme is just one part of what a school can do to help a child to develop the knowledge, skills, attitudes and understanding they need to fulfil their potential. Link the PSHE programme to other whole school approaches, to pastoral support, and provide a setting where the responsible choice becomes the easy choice. Encourage staff, families and the wider
community to get involved.
8. Embed PSHE within other efforts to ensure children and young people have positive relationships with adults, feel valued and where those who are most vulnerable are identified and supported.
9. Provide opportunities for children and young people to make real decisions about their lives, to take part in activities which simulate adult choices and where they can demonstrate their ability to take responsibility for their decisions.
10. Provide a safe and supportive learning environment where children and young people can develop the confidence to ask questions, challenge the information they are offered, draw on their own experience, express their views and opinions and put what they have learned into practice in their own lives.
The PSHE Modules
The PSHE Modules are constructed around 3 age groups:
Key Stage 1 (Years 1 and 2)
Lower Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4)
Upper Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6)
Within each age group there 12 learning modules that could be taught in any order over a two-year period. If not taught over a two-year period then it is important that schools select content that is relevant to their pupils needs. This resource is not definitive and schools should use it flexibly
and adapt it and develop it where appropriate.
The 12 modules are:
1. Drug Education - including how to manage risk and peer influences
2. Exploring Emotions - including how to recognise and manage feelings and emotions
3. Being Healthy - including the importance of looking after our mental health
4. Growing up - including the Sex Education element
5. Changes - including loss
6. Bullying Matters - including how to ask for help
7. Being Me - including identity and community
8. Difference and Diversity - including challenging stereotypes
9. Being Responsible - including looking after the environment
10. Being Safe - particularly featuring cyber, gaming and CSE
11. Relationships - including what is a healthy relationship
12. Money Matters - including enterprise
Each module starts with learning opportunities. These are taken from the PSHE Association Programme of Study 2017 statements which are based on the 3 core themes: Health
and Well-Being; Relationships and Living in the Wider World.